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Moore 2009

Created By: Maddy Kim

Green and Lean: Physical Activity
by Barbara J. Moore, PhD

[1] This series of articles is intended to illustrate how you can shrink your carbon footprint and your waist circumference at the same time. The first article focused on food; this article discusses physical activity.
If extraterrestrials landed on our planet, they would conclude that the automobile is the dominant form of life. [2] So much of daily living involves a car. Many of us commute to work and travel to shopping and recreational opportunities in our cars. For some, it is a second dining room. Yet if we could get out of our cars more often, we would burn more calories and help make weight control a little easier. But our communities are often designed without sidewalks or bike paths, making many of our neighborhoods unsafe for travel by bicycle or on foot.

[3] According to a recent study, Europeans walk an average of 382 kilometers (237 miles) per person each year. Europeans also bike more, racking up 5 times more miles on bicycles as compared to Americans. These data correspond to the much lower rates of obesity in many European countries such as Switzerland, Sweden and the Netherlands than in America. They also reflect the fact that many European communities are better designed to promote walking and biking than communities in the U.S. A future article will discuss community design in greater detail.

Here are some ideas to get you out of your car and onto your feet (or a bicycle) to help you trim your weight and reduce carbon emissions at the same time:

[4] The most important way in which urban dwellers can save money and reduce their carbon footprint is by building and supporting non-automotive transport — buses, subways, trolleys, etc. — that move large groups of people using less energy per person. Take advantage of mass transit whenever possible, but get off a few blocks ahead of your stop so that you can get some exercise and burn some calories. Develop a mind set in which you are constantly seeking opportunities to move more. Take the stairs instead of the escalator. In a high-rise office building, if stairwells are safe, take the elevator part way up and walk a few flights to your office. Take the stairs down on a routine basis. If your workplace has a casual dress code, plan to dress comfortably so you can walk to or from work at least once a week.

[5] Organize your co-workers and as a group, ask your employer to establish programs and build facilities that will encourage mass transit and non-automotive transit for commutation, as well as promote exercise in the workplace. Many employers have found that building walking paths, installing bike racks and exercise rooms with showers can boost morale and worker productivity. As a provider of jobs, your employer can be an important source of political influence in your community when it comes to planning and zoning.

When you are on your own time, think about ways to consolidate errands and shopping so that you make fewer trips by car, and wherever possible, walk or bike instead. Invest in a shopping cart to make it easier to transport groceries. Put baskets on your bicycle for toting your briefcase or groceries.

For fun and relaxation, plan recreational outings to local parks that you can access using mass transit or by bicycle or on foot. If you must use a car, plan to go in groups so that the energy costs per person are minimized.

Investigate community programs and find new friends that share your appreciation for conserving energy and pursuing a physically active lifestyle. Make regular plans to get together to hike, bike, swim or cross-country ski. Explore and discover new activities together. Discuss ways to help each other shop and run errands so that car usage is minimized.

If you have school-aged children and the school is too far to walk or bike, try to organize a car pool with four other parents so you only have to drive once a week and the car is as full as possible. If walking or biking is possible, but you are concerned about traffic, consider forming a parent group so that once a week, a parent accompanies a group of children to school.

We hope these ideas will inspire you to get out of the car and get moving. Please contact Shape Up America! with more ideas that we can share with our readers.
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Vial 2012

Created By: Maddy Kim

Trainer helps girls fight obesity through sports


They are the kids who get picked last for the game, if they get chosen at all. They are the slow runners, the "easy outs," the ones who eventually just don’t bother to show up anymore.

"It’s harsh, but these are the fat kids," said Mary Williams. "They are overweight and then they start to feel so bad about it that they give up playing with friends and go inside, where they gain even more.

"They lose their childhoods this way," she said.

[1] Williams, an athletic trainer, is working to help children who are caught in the obesity epidemic in a state where one in every four children is overweight or obese. But her goal isn’t just to help them lose weight; it’s to use sports to teach them lifelong ways to stay fit.

She has a group of 10 girls, ages 8 through 16, who come to her Wayne gym twice a week to play sports away from the harsh reality of their local playgrounds.

They begin with the fundamental skills of soccer, basketball and softball, then play each other in scrimmages. They also play kickball and go biking and hiking. Last week, they tried indoor rock climbing. Over the winter, they went skiing.

"It’s amazing to see how these girls brighten up when they realize they can do something they see kids doing all the time in their neighborhoods," Williams said. "You see them laughing and having fun. Getting fit."

And losing weight.

[2] The girls usually have begun a weight loss plan when they are referred to Williams by their pediatricians or nutritionists. Williams loves watching their transformations. Most important, she loves giving them a reason to move.

"Kids are not going to stick with a regular gym atmosphere," she said. "They aren’t going to stick with the things adults use to lose weight, like treadmills and ellipticals. They are kids and kids play."

[3] Williams’ sessions have turned 12-year-old Marisca into something of a soccer nut. Marisca, a Passaic resident, was 40 pounds overweight when she attended her first class two years ago.

"Back then I couldn’t run 10 steps without heaving," she said.

[4] Now that she’s slimmer and fitter, she plans to try out for a soccer team. She practices every day in her back yard and has even started playing with some other kids on her block. "I don’t like to sit around anymore," she said.

The sessions have motivated Emily, a 14-year-old Englewood resident, to set her sights on shot put when she starts high school. "I’m really strong," she said. "They say it’s about the power in your legs and I have power those skinny girls don’t have."

The thing Emily and Marisca said they have most enjoyed about the sessions with Williams is that because the group is filled with girls like them, they aren’t afraid to try a sport.

"Nobody is staring at you and thinking you are too fat to play," Marsica said.

In fact, they cheer one another on. With their help Ellie, a 13-year-old Wayne resident, has discovered she is a powerful hitter. She hopes to play on a softball team next spring.

Not all the girls who work with Williams go on to join a team somewhere. But that isn’t the point, anyway, Williams said.

[5] "The point is to find a reason to move their bodies," she said. "Something that will help them get and stay healthy for the rest of their lives."
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Anonymous 2003i

Created By: Maddy Kim

National Public Health Week
April 7-13, 2003 is National Public Health Week

DALLAS (April 4, 2003) – [1] In an effort to educate the public about health risks associated with the overweight and obesity epidemic in the United States, the National Athletic Trainers’ Association (NATA) has partnered with numerous health care organizations in recognizing National Public Health Week, April 7-13, 2003.

[2] This year’s theme, “Getting in Shape for the Future: Healthy Eating and Active Living,” calls attention to the issues of overweight and obesity which affect Americans of all ages. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, approximately 127 million adults in America are overweight, 60 million are obese and an alarming 9 million are severely obese. In addition, childhood obesity has reached its highest level in 30 years.

NATA’s 23,000 certified athletic trainers (ATC), who work in secondary schools, clinics, hospitals and colleges, are advocates for a healthy lifestyle. [3] While ATCs focus on physically active people, they work with the obesity problem every day at their work settings. ATCs are skilled health care providers who are trained in many areas, including nutrition.

“Partnering with the American Public Health Association on this important effort is a natural fit for NATA,” according to NATA President Julie Max, MEd, ATC, and head athletic trainer at California State University, Fullerton. “We stress healthy eating and consistent physical activity to achieve life-long health. Being physically active and a proper weight greatly reduces the chance for injury, and if you are injured, being fit reduces your rehabilitative time,” Max added.

NATA is a lead organization of the National Coalition for Promoting Physical Activity (NCPPA). The coalition, which also includes the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, American College of Sports Medicine, American Cancer Society, American Heart Association and others, has a primary goal to promote physical activity and fight obesity. “Even above smoking,” Max said, “a lack of physical activity leads to numerous disease factors – from stroke and heart disease, to diabetes and osteoarthritis. Because NATA members are part of the public health care system, it is our responsibility to work at the grass roots level and with individuals to achieve a healthy lifestyle.“
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Anonymous 2012h

Created By: Maddy Kim

Salary and Career Info for Kinesiology Majors

Kinesiology is the study of human body movement. Kinesiology is an umbrella class of study that includes several disciplines, such as exercise science, physical education and sports management. Graduates with kinesiology degrees have a variety of career options available to them.

Possible Career Options for Kinesiology Majors with Salary Information
Athletic Trainer
Average Salary and Wages

Because people can choose among a plethora of qualified athletic trainers, the salary of an athletic trainer is highly dependent on experience and location. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), the median annual salary for an athletic trainer in 2009 was $41,340 (www.bls.gov). The middle 50% of athletic trainers earned $33,810- $51,310, according to the BLS.

Career Information
In 2008, athletic trainers held about 16,300 jobs in the United States. [1] The BLS predicted a faster-than-average growth rate for athletic trainer jobs for the 2008-2018 decade. The job outlook was expected to be especially good for athletic trainers within the healthcare industry, while competition was expected to be much stronger for collegiate and professional sports team positions.

Physical Therapist
Average Salary and Wages

Much like athletic trainers, the pay rate for a physical therapist is dependent on geographical location and experience. The median annual wage for physical therapists was $74,480 in 2009, with the middle 50% earning $62,270-$87,940, according to the BLS.

Career Information
[2] The future was expected to be bright for physical therapists, with a BLS-predicted job growth rate of 30% for 2008-2018. While job opportunities are anticipated to be good across all settings, exceptional employment outlooks were predicted in acute hospital, skilled nursing and orthopedic settings, particularly where elderly patients were the primary concern.

Recreational Therapist
Average Salary and Wages

On average, recreational therapists working for hospitals and government agencies earned more than therapists working in nursing or community care facilities. According to the BLS, the median annual salary of a recreational therapist was $39,440 in 2009, with the middle 50% earning $31,050-$50,370.

Career Information
Recreational therapists held approximately 23,300 jobs in 2008, of which 24% were in nursing care facilities. Other potential areas of employment are hospitals, state agencies and residential care facilities. [3] While the BLS projected employment to grow faster than the national average, applicants were expected to face competition for available jobs.
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Blank 2010

Created By: Maddy Kim



Running has been a competitive sport since ancient times. The original Olympic Games in 776 BC included a stadium race of 600 feet, according to the Athletic Scholarships website. Over time, running surfaces for organized track events have evolved; many competitive tracks are now made of rubber or a rubber compound. While more initially expensive than other materials, rubber and polyurethane track surfaces are durable and offer enhanced athletic performance.

Reduced Injuries, Enhanced Speed
Stress fractures result when a bone receives significant shocks, or they can develop over time from chronic overtraining, according to Brian J. Krabak, M.D. of the University of Washington. Rubber tracks are less likely to generate stress fractures among runners than asphalt or concrete pavement, which produce much more force on leg muscles, bones and tendons.

In a 2002 report published by the "Journal of Applied Physiology," Amy Kerdok and colleagues stated that "tuned tracks" made of polyurethane produced improvement in running speeds by 2 to 3 percent and decreased the number of running-related injuries by 50 percent, compared with track surfaces made with other materials. Sprinter Usain Bolt reportedly clocked his world-record-setting times of 9.58 seconds in the 100 m. run and and 19.19 seconds in the 200 m run on a polyurethane track in Berlin.

Cost and Maintenance
In the past, cinder, grass and clay were common materials for track surfaces. These natural materials were inexpensive in initial construction. However, maintenance for natural surfaces involves significant investment of time and money -- replacing filler material, leveling the surface of the tracks and remarking lanes. They were also adversely affected by rain, becoming soggy and sometimes unusable.

Asphalt was also commonly used for tracks. Like asphalt paving for automobile traffic, asphalt tracks become soft with summer heat and hard during the winter, according to the American Sports Builders Association. Sealing asphalt tracks with latex improves their durability.

By contrast, the initial cost of rubber and polyurethane is higher than for other surfaces.However, a well-constructed, well maintained rubber or polyurethane track can remain in good condition for 20 years or longer. Resurfacing the track can extend its useful life for another 10 to 15 years, with a lower price tag than an entirely new track.

Environmental Factors
Increased awareness of environmental factors generated concern about the emission of volatile organic compounds, or VOCs, from rubber tracks. In a 1999 study reported in the "Journal of Hazardous Materials," F.H. Chang and colleagues took measurements from tracks constructed of synthetic rubber and polyurethane. While all the tracks produced significant levels of VOCs during construction, measurements taken two years after installation showed VOC levels at 1.5 m above the track, the height of schoolchildren using the track comparable to those of areas away from the track.

[1] Many rubber and polyurethane track surfaces incorporate recycled materials, such as old athletic shoes. Using recycled materials represents an environmentally friendly option for track construction.
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Gates 2012

Created By: Maddy Kim
American Obesity In 2030: Most U.S. Residents Will Be Obese Within Next 2 Decade
[1] If America's obesity trend continues at its current pace, all 50 states could have obesity rates above 44 percent by 2030, according to a new report from Trust for America's Health and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation.
With current U.S. obesity rates holding steady around 35 percent -- that's one-third of Americans -- the 9-plus percent gain within two decades would be a significant increase; however, not as large of an increase as the nation has seen in the past two decades.

“The initial reaction is to say, ‘Oh it couldn’t be that bad’,” Jeff Levi, executive director of the Trust for America’s Health, told NBC News. “But we have maps from 1991 and you see almost all the states below 10 percent.”

In 1990, the U.S. obesity average was 12 percent. By 2005, the U.S. average almost doubled, with 23 percent of Americans considered obese. Five years later, that amount doubled again with the U.S. obesity rate weighing in at 35.7 percent between 2009 and 2010.

According to the report released Tuesday entitled "F as in Fat: How Obesity Threatens America's Future 2012," 13 states could have obesity rates above 60 percent, with Mississippi expected to have the highest at 66.7 percent. Colorado is expected to have the lowest obesity rate at 44.8 percent.

The new report follows from a similar CDC report released earlier this year that estimated 42 percent of Americans would be obese by 2030.

While the health hazards are apparent -- the report projects double the number of new cases of obesity-related ailments likes diabetes, heart disease hypertension by 2030 -- the increase in American obesity would also take a toll on the healthcare system itself. Current estimates put the medical costs of obesity at more than $147 billion. With increasing rates, the costs of preventative healthcare relating to obesity would rise by $48 billion to $66 billion in the next two decades.

"With 6 million new cases of diabetes, 5 million cases of heart disease and stroke, and more than 400,000 cases of cancer in the next 20 years, we are on a tragic course that will have a horrible impact on the quality of life of millions of Americans and could overwhelm an already over burdened health care system," Levi told ABC News.

In addition to its warnings, the report also offers recommendations for states to avoid unnecessary healthcare costs and obesity-related diseases by reducing residents' body-mass index, BMI, by 5 percent before 2030. The proposal would essentially place the burden of reducing nationwide obesity in the hands of the states -- something many states and cities have already begun to do. New York City's Board of Health recently approved a ban on large sugary drinks.

“This study shows us two futures for America’s health,” Risa Lavizzo-Mourey, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation president and CEO, said in a statement. “At every level of government, we must pursue policies that preserve health, prevent disease and reduce health care costs. Nothing less is acceptable.”
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