Created By: Riley Quijano
Autism is a spectrum disorder, meaning that there is a wide degree of
variation in the way it affects people. Every child on the autism
spectrum has unique abilities, symptoms, and challenges. Learning about
the different autism spectrum disorders will help you better understand
your own child, get a handle on what all the different autism terms
mean, and make it easier to communicate with the doctors, teachers, and
therapists helping your child.
 Autism is not a single disorder, but a spectrum of closely-related disorders with a shared core of symptoms.
Every individual on the autism spectrum has problems to some degree with social skills, empathy, communication, and flexible behavior. But the level of disability and the combination of symptoms varies tremendously from person to person. In fact, two kids with the same diagnosis may look very different when it comes to their behaviors and abilities.
If you’re a parent dealing with a child on the autism spectrum, you may hear many different terms including high-functioning autism, atypical autism, autism spectrum disorder, and pervasive developmental disorder. These terms can be confusing, not only because there are so many, but because doctors, therapists, and other parents may use them in dissimilar ways.
But no matter what doctors, teachers, and other specialists call the autism spectrum disorder, it’s your child’s unique needs that are truly important. No diagnostic label can tell you exactly what problems your child will have. Finding treatment that addresses your child’s needs, rather than focusing on what to call the problem, is the most helpful thing you can do. You don’t need a diagnosis to start getting help for your child’s symptoms.
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