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Nick's Research Paper

Created By: Mariela Dagio
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Heart disease is the leading cause of death in America, which is why it is so important to maintain a healthy diet. Even though some people may believe that unhealthy foods and not exercising daily won't put too big of a negative effect on your body, keeping up bad habits of eating unhealthy and not exercising will not only increase your risk for heart disease, but will do other harmful things to your body. Throughout my report you will read about how to get heart disease, how to reduce your risk for heart disease, certain foods to eat, stress reduction, pulmonary hypertension, and inflammation. Heart disease is a very important topic due to its lethality in America and is also a very interesting topic to learn about.

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in america. Sadly, costs associated with heart disease are thought to triple by the year of 2030. However, heart disease does not have to be thought of as an inevitable death sentence, that many people may assume it to be. In fact, there are numerous ways to avoid heart disease such as by avoiding certain foods and eating plenty of certain other ones. Heart disease is usually caused by unhealthy diets or unhealthy lifestyles. Usually when you eat many foods that are high in fat and sugar, you are increasing your risk for heart disease. However, you can lower the risk by easily choosing healthier meals and exercising daily. Also, quitting unnecessary unhealthy habits such as smoking or frequent drinking would lower your risk for heart disease (Anonymous 2012, 1). All of these are extremely important if you are pregnant or are experiencing another lethal disease or intrusion.

People tend to think of heart disease as a scourge ? of modern life brought on by unhealthy diets such as eatings fatty foods, smoking, and being a couch potato. However, CT scans of 137 antique mummies collected from three different countries show that hardened arteries have probably infected mankind for thousand of years including paces like the Aleutian Islands. The vascular blockages, that cause heart attacks and strokes today, were shown in a third of the mummies who had lived in the American Southwest and Alaska as well as Peru and Egypt. Meaning that thousands of years ago, people were experiencing strokes and heart disease due to vascular blockages which is exactly the same for humans today (Brown, Eryn, 1). Obviously, poor sleep leads to a bad day full of drought and misery due to the lack of energy you have throughout the day. However, even though many people in America do not pay attention to how much sleep they get everyday, poor sleeping habits can lead you to getting heart disease. Besides heart disease, poor sleeping habits leads to many different chronic diseases just like smoking or eating an unhealthy diet. Researchers have confirmed over the past five to ten years that insufficient and poor quality sleep increases your risk for obesity, cancer, cognitive decline, and heart disease (John, Phillip, 1). Beginning in the years of adolescence through the teen and young adult years. Two independent research bodies have been released that implicate poor sleep with increased risk of insulin resistance leads to full-blown diabetes as well as higher incidences of heart disease (John, Phillip, 2).

Overtime, there has been many different documented ways that have been shown to reduce the risk of heart disease and stroke including vitamin D optimization, fish oil supplementation and potent antioxidants such as resveratrol. Daily chocolate consumption can now be added to the list as a powerful healthy way to reduce your risk for heart disease as researchers have confirmed that eating small amounts of chocolate each day is very benefitial to your health (John, Phillip, 3). Also, not eating processed meat such as bacon, sausages, and salami will help as well. As found by scientists from Harvard, every 1.8 ounces of processed meat that the human consumes per day raises your risk of heart disease by 42%. Also, you should increase the amount of fresh vegetables and omega-3 fats that you eat everyday to help your body. You should also increase your intake of anti-inflammatory foods, such as fresh vegetables and omega-3 fats (Schreiber, James 1). Surprisingly, recent studies show that eating chocolate has a positive impact on your body due to its antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties. This includes reducing blood pressure and improving insulin sensitivity (John, Phillip 2012 1). Researchers performing a meta-analysis of all studies examined found a connection between the risk of cardiovascular disease and higher consumptions of chocolate. They determined that higher consumption levels of chocolate can lead to a 37% reduction in cardiovascular disease, a 24% reduction on heart disease, and a 29% reduction in stroke. However, the final result did not mention the impact on your body between milk chocolate and dark chocolate. Dark chocolate actually has a better impact on your body then milk chocolate due to the reduction of sugar and the amount of cocoa that is actually in the chocolate 75%(John, Phillip 2).

Proven by ongoing research, an easy way to lower blood pressure, reduce strain on the heart, and increase good HDC cholesterol is by exercising regularly. Usually, exercising can be easy and sometimes effortless. You can improve your health by just walking for a half hour everyday or 3 hours total every week(Schreiber, James 2). Stress is also a huge factor in life. Whether stress is affecting your mental state or your physical state, it will always be there, but there is always ways to reduce your stress. Stress can be linked to exercise because for some people, running for a long period of time or doing a sport that they love could potentially decrease your stress. Learning to deal with stress will help your everyday life, and as proven by allopathic physicians,what are those? stress can play a key role in the development of chronic heart disease. If you identify the situations in your life that are causing you to experience severe stress and learn how to deal with them, doing daily activities will be easier and potentially more enjoyable. Many people try yoga, or just simple deep breathing exercises to decrease their stress (Schreiber, James 3).

Left heart disease arises from a wide range of cardiac disorders which is a frequent complication of pulmonary hypertension. Left heart systolic dysfunction, left heart diastolic dysfunction and left heart valvular disease are all included in group 2 what is group 2? which is associated with PH. Rheumatic mitral valve disease used to be the most common cause of PH in left heart disease. However, today it is more likely to be associated with hypertensive or ischaemic heart disease.(Guazzi, Marco et. al. 1). Pulmonary hypertension is mainly caused by left heart disease which arises in response to increased left ventricular or left atrial filling pressure in a wide range of cardiac disorders. PH is defined by a pulmonary arterial pressure Pulmonary wedge pressure is associated with LHD, otherwise defined as Group 2. Group 2 is divided into three different categories called, left systolic dysfunction, left heart diastolic dysfunction, and left heart valvular disease(Guazzi, Marco et. al. 2) you should explain this when you first introduce group 2 into your paper. Usually, abnormalities that result in LV or left atrial filling pressures are induced in patients with LHD. When increased filling pressure beings in the left heart, that is a sign of the start of a cascade of events, which causes a passive increase in backwards pressure on the pulmonary veins. Fragmentation may occur when the pulmonary venous is persistently elevated. The structure of the alveolar-capillary walls, also known at the "alveolar capillary stress failure" , which is characterized by capillary leakage and small alveolar oedema (Guazzi, Marco et. al. 3).

Specialist clinics and general cardiology currently help 76% of people that have a chronic disease. Usually, the age of the patients is around 32 years old and the patients usually follow up for 22 more years until they die. Deaths that occur without specialist follow up is around 48% The 48% of people that do not follow up with a specialist have not received pulmonary valve replacement but the or 52% ? of patients have (Wray, Jo et. al. 1). In the 1960's, open heart surgery for congenital heart disease began in the UK. Since around 2002, adult survivors of surgery outnumber children with congenital heart disease in the UK because of it's progressive success. Documents today state that in England and Wales, there are around 130,500 adults with 'moderate' or 'complex' congenital heart disease and almost all of them are survivors of the surgery that they received when they were children (Wray Jo et. al 2).

The main cause of an ever increasing list of chronic illnesses continues to be inflammation. At first, you might think that most diseases have their separate connections and bacteria. However, physicians can use a diagnosis of arthritis as a risk factor to predict cardiovascular disease because of how strong the correlation is between diseases even though it may not look like most diseases share attributes (Raw, Michelle 1). When inflammation happens, an area that needs aid is filled with blood in order to heal it as well as scrap and remove damaged tissue for recycling. The body has a system such as a police officer when they create a report on a suspect. The body does the same by identifying the damage and taking a note of it. These cells carry a guide with past encounters of bacteria, viruses, etc... so that in the future they could recognize the bacteria, viruses, etc... and get rid of it easier. The body will take note of molecular irritants, bacteria, viruses, and physical trauma. Trauma is communicated chemically even though a new chemical has not been detected. Since cells communicate with each other chemically, a failure of that system will indicate a problem in the same manner. The cells will then ask for reinforcements from the immune system (Raw, Michelle 2).

To conclude, heart disease is a very interesting topic to research about. Learning about heart disease was fascinating and I learned so much more stuff than I knew before. Many people don't consider heart disease when they are eating unhealthy, not exercising, smoking, and drinking, when they really should. What's weird is that even though it is the leading cause of death in America, I never hear about anyone dying from heart disease. However when I do, it's because of older people dying of heart disease. Especially if they had a past of unhealthy diets, not exercising, smoking, and drinking. Researching the topic on how to get heart disease, how to reduce your risk of heart disease, certain foods to eat, stress reduction, pulmonary hypertension, and inflammation. My presentation on heart disease was hard work, but I'm glad I put in the effort to learn about it because I know a lot more information about my topic.
**Watch your parenthiticals they are suppose to look like (Phillips year, 1).
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