Web Documents

Grady Yu

Created By: Ken Pitts
  1. I was improving the recycle bins with holes for drainage and tying the lids to the bins.
  2. I made a web doc based on the problems with recycling 
  3. 4.3
  4. I need him to show me how to insert pictures 

On one side is certain ruin. On the other is a sustainable future. The only thing between them is a recycle bin. However, there are many challenges to those who try to be environmentally conscious. Just buying bins is not enough as they need to be modified for recycling.

Looking around, it is very obvious that the challenge is great. At every table there is a trash bin but only two or three recycle bins for each building! This very fact shows that the administration has little concern for the environment. Not enough people care.
The Bad Public

(two examples of what you DON'T want to see)
Trash tends to end up in those bins when it is not supposed to. Everything from plastic wrap (not pictured) to old posters that cannot be recycled can enter your bins. I like to think that the public is just ignoring the Bottles Only label but sometimes the public is obviously just lazy. Thus, if you put hose bins out there, you need to take precautions.

(a twisted bottle) (an example of a good lid) 
The bottle of the left is an example of what the public may do to annoy you. Use discretion to determine whether the bottle is still recyclable. Also, there may be bottles with trash stuffed inside. Sometimes the trash can be pulled back out but if it can't be, be careful.
The lid on the right is an example of what you need to do to prevent people from treating your bin as a garbage bin.
. For the public Black= trash and Green= recycling so if you can get get green bins it would be better.
What to do

(A bin tie also wrapped with a bottle label) (a bin tie)
On some bins, the lid is not attached very well and can fall off. To attach the lids to the bins I put plastic string through pre-existing holes, though you can make our own. What happens is that the public usually will not remove the lids just to throw away their trash (nor look online to see what I am doing to prevent them from doing so) but if the lid has fallen off, trash pours in. Tying the lid to the bin using plastic string leaves the string vulnerable to attack so I recommend wrapping trash around the knot to prevent people from messing with your bins. Always use gloves when handling the water bottles or bins.
Let The Water Out

(A hole that was almost covered) (Holes in the bottom are almost covered)
"careless student only closes water bottle half way" "throws trash and bottle into recycle bin" "water exits" "rain goes into the bin"
water + organic trash + sun's heat = decay + smell of decay
Unfortunately, the combination of water and waste makes the bins dirty and smell really bad. And even in Southern California, it rains. To prevent decay the best solution is to drill holes into the bottom of the bins to let water out. Three holes are usually enough but trash can clog them, especially paper. The only problem: Ants. Those holes let them get to food more easily but there is not supposed to be food in there anyways.
The good side

(What you want to see)
Despite these difficulties, it is worth it when there is a proper bin. preventing those bottles from going into landfills is worth the trouble that we have to go to in order to set up the recycling bin. 
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Ivana Ugay

Created By: Ken Pitts
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Sheyanne Sotto

Created By: Ken Pitts
How To Make A Compost Bin  (totally plagiarized form "HowTo.com")

What You Need:

  • Plastic storage bin, eighteen gallons or larger
  • Drill and sharp drill bits
  • Kitchen scraps, yard waste, or shredded newspaper to fill the b


  1. Do this project outside. The drilling step creates quite a mess.
  2. If possible, toss a few handfuls of leaves or shredded newspaper into the bin whenever you add very wet items to maintain the correct moisture levels.
  3. To turn the compost easily, just give the bin a shake every couple days.


  1. Prepare the bin.

    You need to have air circulating around your compost to help it decompose faster. To manage this in a plastic bin, you will have to drill holes in the bin. It really doesn't matter what size drill bit you use, as long as you drill plenty of holes. Space them one to two inches apart, on all sides, bottom, and lid. If you use a large spade or hole-cutting drill bit, you may want to line the interior of the bin with wire mesh or hardware cloth to keep rodents out.

  2. Place your bin in a convenient spot.

    Because this bin is so small, it will fit just about anywhere. If you are a yardless gardener, a patio, porch, or balcony will work just fine. If you have plenty of space, consider putting it outside the kitchen door so that you can compost kitchen scraps easily, or near your vegetable garden so that you can toss weeds or trimmings into it. It can also go inside a garage or storage shed if you'd rather not look at it.

  3. Filling the bin.

    Anything you would throw in a normal compost pile, you can throw into your storage container composter: leaves, weeds, fruit and vegetable peels, egg shells, coffee grounds, tea bags, and grass clippings all work well. Anything you put into the storage bin composter should be chopped fairly small so it will break down quicker in the small space. Fruit and vegetable trimmings can be chopped small with a knife, or run through a blender or food processor to break them down. Chop leaves by running a lawn mower over them a few times. Crush eggshells finely so they will break down faster.

  4. Maintain your bin.

    Every day or so, as you think of it, you can aerate the bin by giving it a quick shake.

    If the contents of the bin are staying very wet, or there is an unpleasant odor coming from the bin, you'll need to add some shredded fall leaves, shredded newspaper, or sawdust to the bin. These will dry it out and help restore the ratio of greens to browns that makes compost happen more quickly.

    If the contents are very dry, use a spray bottle to moisten the contents, or add plenty of moisture-rich items such as fruits or veggies that are past their prime.

  5. Harvesting and using your compost.

    The easiest way to harvest the finished compost from your bin is to run it all through a simple compost sifter so that the large pieces are kept out of the finished compost. Anything that still needs to decompose can go back into the bin, and the dark, crumbly finished compost can either be stored in a bucket or bin for later use or immediately used in the garden. It is also wonderful to use in container plantings.

    A plastic storage bin composter can be used year-round, and is a convenient solution for those of us who don't have space for a large pile.



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Maya Ray

Created By: Ken Pitts
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Trisha Patel

Created By: Ken Pitts


Gardening is known as the practice of growing plants. Some plants that are typically gardened include flowers, vegetables, and herbs. During prehistoric times, gardening was usually completed for food, whereas gardening now is used for both food and scenery. It is a simple and easy process that can be done by anyone, even young children. I just recently added fenugreek to my garden. Fenugreek is an Indian herb that is compiled in various dishes. Since my family uses fenugreek a lot, I decided to add that plant in my garden. My garden already consists of other Indian herbs and vegetables such as eggplants, okras, and keralas. I encourage everyone to garden because vegetables, fruit, and herbs can provide for a nutritious meal at a low cost. Not only is it beneficial in monetary terms, gardening is important for the Earth, and it can eventually become a hobby as well.

How to Garden:

1) Buy the plants that you wish to garden

2) Evaluate and Choose a Site

* Pick an area where there is both sun exposure and shade.

3) Check the soil

* Check the soil's texture and pH. Check the pH that is necessary for the plants and that compare that with the pH of the soil.

4) Prepare the Bed

* Remove grass, weeds, and big rocks to provide for a flat surface.

5) Leave the plants in the pot and water them.

* Be careful on the amount of water you use. Don't use too much or too little.

6) Take the plants out of the plot and plant them into the soil.

7) Mulch the plants

* Mulching helps enrich the soil.

8) Water the plants daily.

* This is extremely important and should be done every day.

9) Use fertilizer when necessary.

* Fertilizer can help the plants grow faster and healthier. It can also help keep off some bugs.


These are the basic steps on how to make a garden at your home. For more in depth information, please visit http://gardening.about.com/od/gardenprimer/ss/NewGarden_8.htm. Gardening is an easy process that is beneficial in several ways. Use these simple techniques to make a garden of your own!

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Giulia Oprea

Created By: Ken Pitts
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