A migraine is a severe, but unfortunately most common headache. Women suffer from migraines more often than men.
Migraine is usually described as a "pounding" or throbbing pain felt in just one side of the head, but in some cases it may spread to the other side. There are two different types of migraine:
Common migraine (without aura) affects about 75 per cent of migraine sufferers. It is a sudden headache that comes on without any warning and worsens with time. Side effects of such migraine include nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or increased urination, loss of appetite, fatigue, chills and irritation.
Classic migraine (with aura) affects about 25 percent of people diagnosed with migraine. In this case people sense a headache coming on. Symptoms of an aura start about an hour before the headache itself.
The main symptom of classic migraine include visual disturbance such as seeing flashing lights or zigzag lines, visual hallucinations, blurred vision and inability to read, increased sensitivity to bright light, temporary blind spots and visual in size or shape of an object.
Other symptoms are sensitivity to loud sounds, temporary numbness or a "needle" sensation in hands, frequent yawning, feelings of hunger and thirst. Rarely sufferers experience numbness around mouth, a brief inability to form a correct sentence, difficulty finding right words and weakness on one side of the body. If you have experienced any of these symptoms it doesn't mean that they will recur. But in any type of headache, where vision is affected it is always suggested to seek professional help.
Even thought migraine headaches are very disturbing and can interfere with performance of daily activities there aren't any serious side effects of migraine that can cause permanent health damage.
True migraines are not a result of any serious medical problems or brain tumors. However, if aura symptoms are not followed by a migraine, headaches become more rapid and last longer or migraine is accompanied with high temperature you should definitely see a doctor and run some neurological tests.
If you suffer from periodical migraines, do not get discouraged. There are plenty of natural remedies and prescribed drugs that will help you to prevent migraines from recurring and help to ease the symptoms. Keep in mind that over-the-counter drugs and most prescribed medications temporally eliminate the symptoms, but not the underlying causes of migraine. If used incorrectly they can cause some very serious side effects and provoke more severe headaches.
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