Web Documents



Schoenstadt, 2008

Created By: Riley Quijano
Font: small Large

 http://autism.emedtv.com/autism/autism-symptoms.html

Autism Symptoms

Distinctive autism signs and symptoms include difficulties with social interaction, problems with communication, and repetitive behaviors. A baby with symptoms may be unresponsive to people or focus intently on one item to the exclusion of others for long periods of time. Symptoms may include engaging in repetitive movements, such as rocking and twirling, or in self-abusive behavior, such as biting or head-banging.


Autism Symptoms: An Overview

There are three distinctive symptoms of autism:
 
  • [1] Difficulties with social interaction
  • Problems with verbal and nonverbal communication
  • Repetitive behaviors or narrow, obsessive interests.
     
Autistic children can also develop symptoms that include reduced sensitivity to pain but increased sensitivity to sound, touch, or other sensory stimulation. Symptoms can range from mild to disabling.
 

Symptoms of Autism: Social Interaction

The hallmark symptom of autism is impaired social interaction. Parents are usually the first to notice possibly symptoms in their child.
 
[2] As early as infancy, a baby with autism symptoms may be unresponsive to people or focus intently on one item to the exclusion of others for long periods of time.
 
[3] A child with autism may appear to develop normally and then withdraw and become indifferent to social engagement.
 

Autism Symptoms: Verbal and Nonverbal Communication

The second most common symptom of autism is problems with verbal and nonverbal communication.
 
[4] Children with autism may fail to respond to their name and often avoid eye contact with other people.[5] They have difficulty interpreting what others are thinking or feeling because they can't understand social cues, such as tone of voice or facial expressions, and don't watch other people's faces for clues about appropriate behavior. They lack empathy.

Autism Symptoms: Repetitive Behaviors or Narrow, Obsessive Interests

[6] Many children with symptoms of autism engage in repetitive movements, such as rocking and twirling, or in self-abusive behavior, such as biting or head-banging.[7]They also tend to start speaking later than other children and may refer to themselves by name instead of "I" or "me."
[8] Children with autism don't know how to play interactively with other children. Some speak in a sing-song voice about a narrow range of favorite topics, with little regard for the interests of the person to whom they are speaking.
 

Autism Symptoms: Sensitivity

[9]Many children with autism have a reduced sensitivity to pain, but are abnormally sensitive to sound, touch, or other sensory stimulation. These unusual reactions may contribute to behavioral symptoms, such as a resistance to being cuddled or hugged.
 

Symptoms of Autism and Other Medical Conditions

[10] Children with autism symptoms appear to have a higher-than-normal risk for certain coexisting conditions, including:
  • Fragile X syndrome (which causes mental retardation)
  • Tuberous sclerosis (in which tumors grow on the brain)
  • Epileptic seizures
  • Tourette syndrome
  • Learning disabilities
  • Attention deficit disorder (ADD).
     
[11] For reasons that are still unclear, about 20 to 30 percent of children with autism develop epilepsy by the time they reach adulthood.
 
While people with schizophrenia may show some autistic-like behavior, their symptoms usually do not appear until the late teens or early adulthood. Most people with schizophrenia also have hallucinations and delusions, which are not found in autism.

Progression of Autism Symptoms

For many children, symptoms of autism improve with treatment and with age. Some children with the condition grow up to lead normal or near-normal lives. [12] Children whose language skills regress early in life, usually before the age of three, appear to be at risk of developing epilepsy or seizure-like brain activity. [13] During adolescence, some children with autism may become depressed or experience behavioral problems. Parents of these children should be ready to adjust treatment for their child as needed.
Category: Second Semester Research Sources | Comments: 0 | Rate:
0 Votes
You have rated this item.