Warisha Ashfaq's Population Control essay
A. Without population control in the future, the Earth will be greatly affected in many areas mainly the economy and the environment. Overpopulation will cause a scarcity in density dependent factors such as food, water, shelter, medicine, etc. This will cause a lower GDP per capita, affecting the economy. The government of any country facing this dilemma will then have to rely on foreign debt. This will put the country in debt with already meagre resources. Furthermore, when a country will be overpopulated, there will be a high rate of unemployment because there won’t be enough jobs to support the population. The ultimate result will be a high level of crime because people will need to steal things in order to survive. Overpopulation will also cause excessive excretion of wastes and pollution that flow into water systems, and animal habitats, polluting water, and killing wildlife. More and more forests will be cut down leading to extinction of many plants and animals, reducing biodiversity. There are many critical consequences of not curbing the human population. For example, changes in atmospheric composition due to increased levels of intensive factory farming and burning of fossil fuels, consequently leading to global warming. Another consequence is deforestation causing a loss of ecosystems that sustain global atmospheric oxygen and carbon dioxide balance. Another important consequence is the depletion of natural resources, especially fossil fuels. Overpopulation will also cause inadequate fresh water for drinking and sewage treatment. Also, Unhygienic living conditions for many based upon water resource depletion, discharge of raw sewage and solid waste disposal.
B. There are many different point of views on family planning. In Islam, children are a gift and a blessing from Allah. Muslims should never abort or kill their children out of fear of poverty. It is Allah who provides for them. It is forbidden to "permanently" end a man's or a woman's ability to produce children, such as by having a hysterectomy or vasectomy, as long as that is not called for by circumstances of necessity according to its Islamic framework (4). Due to this, conservative Muslims will not make the curbing of the human population any easier. The Catholic Church has been opposed to contraception from the birth of Roman Catholicism. The Fathers of the Church recognized that in natural law the purpose of sexual intercourse is procreation; contraceptive sex, which deliberately blocks that natural purpose, is therefore a violation of natural law. However, hardly do Christians follow this faith on this issue (3). Their defiance to this belief allows them to control their family planning, necessary for curbing the human population. There is no objection to birth control in Hinduism, and many Hindus now use it. Where contraception is not used it is because it is not available. An abortion may be carried out if one of the following conditions applies: the life or physical health of the mother is at risk, the mental health of the mother is at risk, the mother's existing family will suffer, or there is a reasonable chance that the child will be born seriously disabled. Hindus can or cannot add on to the increasing human population, as they do allow birth control but abortions are valid only under certain conditions (1). The Jewish view on birth control currently varies between the Orthodox, Conservation, and Reform branches of Judaism. Among Orthodox Judaism, use of birth control has been considered only acceptable for use in certain circumstances; for example, when the couple already has two children. Conservative Judaism, while generally encouraging its members to follow the traditional Jewish views on birth control has been more willing to allow greater exceptions regarding its use to fit better within modern society. Reform Judaism has generally been the most liberal with regard to birth control allowing individual followers to use their own judgment in what, if any, birth control methods they might wish to employ (5). Jews can also contribute to solving the increasing family planning as they are allowed for the most part to plan their families. In Buddhism, there is no established doctrine about contraception. Traditional Buddhist teaching favors fertility over birth control, so some are reluctant to tamper with the natural development of life. A Buddhist may accept all contraceptive methods but with different degrees of hesitation. The worst of all is abortion (2). So it is up to Buddhists on deciding whether or not they want to control their family size, it is not a sin in their religion to do that. The Buddhist population in the world can affect the earth’s population due to this faith.
C. There are many different strategies that can be practiced to control the human population. Contraception is one, the intentional prevention of conception or impregnation through the use of various devices, agents, drugs, sexual practices, or surgical procedures. Sexual abstinence can be practiced where couples refrain from some or all aspects of sexual activity. If a couple is not ready for a child or an additional child in the family then a woman should consider abortion, the termination of pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus or embryo prior to viability. Families that live in an overpopulation area where resources are scarce can possible emigrate to settle in another location. Immigration in an overpopulated country like the U.S can be decreased so the people already living in the country don’t run out of resources and have problems for their family. A woman could get sterilized, referring to any of a number of medical techniques that intentionally leave her unable to reproduce. The government can also play a role in population control by providing extensive, intrusive, and strict family planning and population control programs like in China. . If the government provides family planning programs, then citizens should actually put them to use and have children according to their carrying capacity. Poor countries should also empower women since women tend to have fewer children if they are educated, hold a paying job outside the home, and don’t have their rights suppressed. Developed nations should also provide developing nations with health care since considering an infernally high infant mortality rate and deaths of mothers, citizens have extra children, just in case. Providing the children and new mothers with proper health care is one of the best solutions to overpopulation as their mortality rates will be reduced and this deuce of an assumption of infant death will be done away with.
D. If I could endorse a plan to control human population to the best of my ability, I would focus on the developing countries the most since they are not necessarily provided with the risks and consequences of overpopulation in this world. I would provide sex education classes as it should be mandatory in schools to teach how to use basic contraceptives and birth control like condoms and birth control pills. Sex education is also something that parents tend to defer for a long time, often after the kids have done it the first time anyway. Therefore, I would start a program for teenagers in developing countries who do not have the knowledge they need to have in order to make the right choices. As for the developed nations, I would impose higher taxes for couples that have more children than the average family. That way, they would make decisions that they can be responsible for in the future. Couples would consequently have family planning as more children could go out of their budget, thus preventing from the earth’s population to rapidly increase beyond its carrying capacity.